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      3. RASHI METHOD: GRAMMAR
      BRIEF EXPLANATION: Rashi explains verses using grammar principles, that is, rules which relate reproducable word form to word meaning. Grammatical rules neatly fall into 3 categories
      • (a) the rules governing conjugation of individual words,Biblical roots,
      • (b) the rules governing collections of words,clauses, sentences
      • (c) miscellaneous grammatical, or form-meaning, rules.
      This examples applies to Rashis Dt21-08a
      URL Reference: (c) http://www.Rashiyomi.com/w34n9.htm
      Brief Summary: Elders and priests say: WE have not caused death GOD: Forgives THEM

Two familiar functions of grammar in all languages are pronoun reference and plurality.

    With this in mind let us examine the pronouns and references in Dt21-07:08 And they shall answer and say,
    1. Our hands have not shed this blood,
    2. nor have our eyes seen it.
    3. Be merciful, O Lord, to your people Israel, whom you have redeemed,
    4. and lay not innocent blood to your people of Israelís charge.
    5. And the blood shall be forgiven them.
    Note the subtle use of pronouns.
    • In bullets 1,2 the Jews are speaking so the pronoun our is used.
    • But then in bullets 3,4, instead of using the pronoun us, the reference your nation Israel is used. This is a standard literary #####
    • Bullet #5 uses the pronoun them. There are two ways to interpret this. #####
    • Or, the prayer could have stopped in bullet 4, and now the Bible is assuring them, that the prayer-affirmation of responsibility is sufficient to effect atonement.

Now we can cite the Rashi paraphrased. #####


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