We have explained in our article
Biblical Formatting located on the world wide web at
that the Biblical Author indicates bold, italics, underline by using
repetition. In other words if a modern author wanted to emphasize
a word they would either underline, bold or italicize it. However when the Biblical
author wishes to emphasize a word He repeats it. The effect - whether
thru repetition or using underline - is the same. It is only the
means of conveying this emphasis that is different.
In applying this repetition rule we
often employ a principle of the Malbim which states If after using a noun the Bible repeats the noun instead of using a pronoun then this repetition is treated like other repetitions indicating unspecified emphasis.
Notice the repeated words blood or its blood in the following passages:
- Lv01-05 states
And he shall kill the bull before the Lord; and the priests, the sons of Aaron,
shall bring the blood, and sprinkle the blood around upon the altar that is by the door of the Tent of Meeting.
And he shall lay his hand upon the head of his offering, and kill it before the Tent of Meeting; and the sons of Aaron shall sprinkle its blood around upon the altar....
And he shall lay his hand upon the head of it, and kill it before the Tent of Meeting; and the sons of Aaron shall sprinkle its blood upon the altar around.
[Note: In another Rashi digest, when dealing with the alignment rule, we have shown that the Bible, by contrastively writing
the blood vs. its blood indicates that the use of its in its blood is intentional. That is the alignment highlights the repetition.]
We can translate the Lv03-8,13 verses as ...he shall sprinkle only its blood
... Such an emphasis indicates that only its blood can be sprinkled. However if the blood of the offering got mixed up with bloods of other offerings then we don't offer it.
We can translate the Lv01-05 verse as ...he shall sprinkle any blood ... Such an emphasis indicates the blood is sprinkled even if it was mingled with other blood.
The actual law, cited by Rashi, combines these two unspecified emphasii:
If the blood of two valid offerings were accidentally mixed up then the mixed blood may be thrown and the owners of both sacrifices
achieve expiation. By contrast, if the blood of a valid and invalid offering were accidentally mixed up then both offerings become
invalid. Each sacrifice owner must bring another sacrifice to replace their sacrifice which had become invalid.
To recap: There is a dual emphasis - only its blood but also any blood. We resolve this
contradiction by allowed mixed valid bloods to be offered on the altar but not a mixture of valid and invalid blood.