We have explained in our article
Biblical Formatting located on the world wide web at
that the Biblical Author indicates bold, italics, underline by using
repetition. In other words if a modern author wanted to emphasize
a word they would either underline, bold or italicize it. However when the Biblical
author wishes to emphasize a word He repeats it. The effect - whether
thru repetition or using underline - is the same. It is only the
means of conveying this emphasis that is different.
With this in mind let us read verse Lv16-10,20,21
which discusses the Yom Kippur he-goat that goes to
Azazel in the wilderness:
But the goat, on which the lot fell to be for Azazel,
shall remain alive before the Lord, to make an atonement with him, and to let him go to Azazel into the wilderness.
And when he has made an end of atoning for the holy place,
and the Tent of Meeting, and the altar,
he shall bring the live goat;
And Aaron shall lay both his hands upon the head of the
live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the people of Israel, and all their transgressions in all their sins, putting them upon the head of the goat, and shall send him away by the hand of an appointed man into the wild
Notice the repetition of the underlined word
live goat atone / confess;
several times; we are reminded that goat was
kept alive till the confession. The Biblical repetition is the equivalant
of a modern day underlining. This repetition/underlining
creates an unspecified emphasis. Hence the Rashi comment:
The he-goat is [only] kept alive ...until confession.
But then the he-goat is sent to the wilderness...to die.
Rashi makes this inference of death from the repeated
phrase live till atonement / confession.
A fundamental theme in Judaism is that all Jews, even
sinners, have a right to the hereafter. This right is
symbolically affirmed by the not-before-God he-goat
that was sent to the wilderness to die. Nevertheless,
this he-goat was kept alive until confession. This
offering procedure mirrors the before-death confession that
was encouraged from sinners convicted of capital crimes.
They were encouraged to confess before death and thereby
earn the right to the next world.