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    1. RASHI METHOD: REFERENCES
    BRIEF EXPLANATION: Commentary on a verse is provided thru a cross-reference to another verse. The cross references can either provide
    • (1a) further details,
    • (1b) confirm citations, or
    • (1c) clarify word meaning.
    This examples applies to Rashis Ex38-08b
    URL Reference: (c) http://www.Rashiyomi.com/rule1211.htm
    Brief Summary: THE WOMEN WHO WERE STATIONED BY THE TEMPLE (Ex38-08b) refereces Ex35-22 AND THE MEN CAME _AFTER_ THE WOMAN

Verse Ex38-08b discussing the construction of the priestly laver from the mirrors of the women stationed by the temple states And he made the laver of brass, and the base thereof of brass, of the mirrors of the women stationed by the temple Rashi notes that the underlined words, the women stationed by the temple references verses Ex35-22 discussing the donations of material to Temple construction. Hence the Rashi comment The women stationed by the Temple references Ex35-22 which states that in the donation process the men came after the women... The word after hints at a certain anxiousness of the women who assembled at stations waiting eagerly to donate to the Temple.

Text of Target Verse Ex38-08b Text of Reference Verse Ex35-21:22
And he made the laver of brass, and the base thereof of brass, of the mirrors of the women stationed at the Temple And they came, every one whose heart stirred him up, and every one whom his spirit made willing, and they brought the Lordís offering to the work of the Tent of Meeting, and for all his service, and for the holy garments. And the men came after the women as many as were willing hearted, and brought bracelets, and ear rings, and rings, and bracelets, all jewels of gold; and every man who offered offered an offering of gold to the Lord.
Rashi comments: The women stationed by the Temple references Ex35-22 which states that in the donation process the men came after the women... The word after hints at a certain anxiousness of the women who assembled at stations waiting eagerly to donate to the Temple.

Advanced Rashi: To fully understand Rashi we must use two Rashi rules. In addition to the reference rule mentioned above we must use the non-verse rule. The non-verse rule supplements Biblical commentary with non-verse methods including spreadsheet, algebraic, geometric, diagramatic methods as well as cultural customs. Here, I would appeal to the practice, readily observed when hit movies occur, for people to line up and station themselves in advance, outside the movie theatre, anxiously waiting to purchase tickets. So too, if the verse states that the men came after the women it seems logical, that because they were anxious, that they were lined up or stationed waiting to give their donations.

A further support for this Rashi would be the idea, frequently mentioned in Rashi, that the Temple and the offerings were atonements for the sin of the Golden calf. Recall that the women did not participate in the Golden calf sin (after all the idolatry was done for purposes of the sex that went with it and women weren't anxious to cater to men). Hence the women were anxious to offer their jewelery to the Temple to atone for the fact that the men yanked the jewelery from their wives for the golden calf Ex32-01:03. The idea presented in this paragraph is a bit speculative but seems reasonable and could be used supportively.


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