Today, students of the Bible learn grammar from Biblical
Hebrew grammar textbooks. These textbooks organize material by
topics. Grammatical topics include a) verb mood and conjugation, b) plurality
agreement, c) pronoun reference, d) subject-verb-object sequencing, e) sentence
structure and type, f) the possessive and g) connective words, and many other topics.
However in Rashi's time gramamr was just beginning. There were no official
grammatical textbooks and tables. One of Rashi's functions was to teach grammar.
Rashi did not write a grammar textbook but instead left grammatical explanations
appended to each verse.
In today's example Rashi explains rules about pronoun usage.
The basic rule of pronouns is that After a noun is stated a 1st time,
in subsequents referents to that noun, pronouns are used. The great Malbim
showed that throughout Leviticus repeated nouns are interpreted exegetically to
indicate some type of emphasis, typically through a broader application of the
With this background we cite Lv03-06 discussing the bringing of the
If his offering is a elevation sacrifice of the herd, then let him offer a male ... without blemish; he shall offer it of his own voluntary will at the door of the Tent of Meeting before the Lord.
... And he shall flay the elevation offering, and cut it into his pieces.
The underlined phrase the elevation offering repeated the noun instead of
using a pronoun it, which we see is used later on in the verse.
For example, the verse could have said
...And he shall flay it and cut it into her pieces.
Rashi as understood by the Malbim explains
The repeated the elevation offering broadens the applicability of the cited
law - just flaying the elevation offering discussed in this chapter- to any elevation offering. That is
all elevation offerings, not just the particular elevation offering discussed
in this Biblical chapter, Lv01, require the flaying procedure.