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Verse Nu3349 states
And they [The Jews] pitched by the Jordan, from Bethjeshimoth even to Abelshittim in the plains of Moab.
Rashi comments:
It is 12 square roman miles from
from Bethjeshimoth even to Abelshittim.
Hence we infer that the Jewish camp in the desert was 12 square miles.
Advanced Rashi: We can support this calculation further as follows:
 1 roman mil = 2000 cubits
 1 cubit = 1.5 to 2 feet
 # Adult Males in Wilderness = 600,000
 Approximate # People per adult male = 1 male + 1 female + 67 kids = Family of 810
 We can eg assume each person had a 20 x 20 room (Or equivalantly average space
occupied per person (including room for livestock and possessions is 20 x 20)
 Total 
 Hence this gives the equation: Total Available Space in camp = Required Space for all people.
Total Available Space in camp: (12 mil x 12 mil) x (2000 cubits x 2000 cubits) x (2 x 2 ft per cubit) =~=
Required Space for all people. 600,000 adult males x 10 people per family x (20 x 20 feet per person).
We believe the above approach points to a deeper understanding of Rashi.

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