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2. RASHI METHOD: WORD MEANING
BRIEF EXPLANATION: Rashi uses 10 methods to explain the dictionary meaning of words
This examples applies to Rashis Gn37-02e
URL Reference: (c) http://www.Rashiyomi.com/gn37-02e.htm

Rashi had 10 methods to explain word meaning. The synonym method does not explain unknown meanings of words but rather takes words whose meaning is known and explains their nuances.

    The Hebrew roots Daleth-Beth-Resh and Daleth-Beth-Hey both refer to speaking. The best English translation of Daleth-Beth-Hey is chatter or daily table talk. Here are a few examples
  • Gn37-02 These are the generations of Jacob. Joseph, seventeen years old sheparded the flock with his brothers; and the lad was with the sons of Bilhah, and with the sons of Zilpah, his fatherís wives; and Joseph chattered about them slanderously.
  • Nu13-32 And the table chatter about the land [after the spy report] .... The land, through which we have gone to spy, is a land that eats up its inhabitants; and all the people that we saw in it are men of great stature.
  • P031-10:14 Pity me, Lord, for I am in distress; ... my eye is consumed with grief, my soul and my body.... For I hear the chatter of the masses; fear was on every side; while they took counsel together against me, they schemed to take away my life.

Advanced Rashi: Many scholars approach Rashi using Talmudic methods and sources. The goal is to use legal concepts and distinctions to clarify Rashi. In my article Simple Meaning and Exegetical Meaning I show that an equally powerful alternative approach to Rashi is the use of clever punchy translations into another language. The present example shows this approach. We do not explain the distinctions between chatter and speech but rather translate the given words using English concepts with clear nuances. As indicated this is an alternative approach to understanding Rashi which places emphasis on intuition, translation and nuances.


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