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From: rhendel@king.mcs.drexel.edu (Russell Hendel) Date: Sun, 2 Jun 1996 16:13:01 -0400 Subject: Laining Matters: 3 Answers and 1 Question BEST TIKUN: My brother-in-law suggests a version of the blue tikkun put out by distibutor IM HASEFER (718 877 0047), printed by Noble Book Press Corp (the "blue Tikkun" I am use to is made by KTAV) with Typography by Simcha Graphics Associates (718 854 4830). This TIKKUN has both the Torah and "non Torah" side in kesav ashurith, the only difference being the presence of punctuation and teamim. TWO PASHTAHS (cf [Rosler, V24 #11 who asserts that the Beracha before the Haftorah has two pashtahs before a zakef). But two Pashtahs before a Zakef are common...see in this weeks past parshah (Nasoh) "Veamar el haishah (pashtah #1) im los shachav ish (pashtah #2) othach (zakef)". Also see the (traditional) explanation of the "rules" for alternating reviah-pasthat before a zakef in Breuer's book (either addition)...2 pasthats followed by a zakef are ok is the second one does not rule over a compound phrase(there are various subrules which i cannot get into here...but there are sufficient examples and counterexamples in the book). KADMAH vs PASHTAH: I was happy to see that many other baal keriah observe the difference. My own personal custon when you have a "kadmah mahpach pashtah munach koton" is to "make believe" that I am going to say a "kadmah veazlah"(that way the kadmah comes out like a real kadmah). I then switch back to mahpach. Also I always say the kadmah mahpach pashtah in one phrase, pause, and then say the munach koton in one phrase and pause---I believe this is proper (even though many Baal Keriah say mahpach pashtah munach koton *all* in one phrase) CORRECTING NOTE MISTAKES: If one looks back over the last dozen issues carefully one sees that my original question (with further support from other readers)....what happens in sentences like "He is a women, a virgin should he take" or "No! Do work "....of correcting meaning errors when the trope have been changed still exists. While I agree with what has been pointed out...that we don't *always* know meaning, I think the two examples just given have a blatant error and should be changed (or perhaps there is a halachic principle I don't yet know). Russell Hendel, Ph.d. ASA, rhendel @ mcs . drexel . edu