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From: rhendel@mcs.drexel.edu (Russell Hendel) Date: Tue, 12 Nov 1996 20:19:50 -0500 Subject: Shemoneh Esray on Motza'ay Yom Kippur I would just like to add a "lamdasheh (analytical)" answer to why we pray for fogiveness in the Maariv after Yom Kippur if we have already been forgiven on Yom Kippur itself. There seems to have been a flurry of discussions on this in Vol 25, #10-#15. Well, Chapter 1 of Rambam's Prayer gives TWO reasons or sources for the Shmoneh Esray A SUMMARY of basic needs that people have to pray for A CORRESPONDENCE to the sacrifices. Before proceeding let me just mention a beautiful essay by Rabbi Hirsch (reprinted in Vol 3 of Rabbi Hirsch's collected writings) in which Rabbi Hirsch shows that EACH PART of the daily sacrifice corresponds to EACH BLESSING in the Shmoneh Esray (e.g. the first part of the animal brought up to the altar was the HEAD, and the first blessing in the Shmoneh Esray is the prayer for UNDERSTANDING (an obvious correspondence)). We now have an easy answer to the "why we say Shmoneh Esray after Yom Kippur" If we use the "SUMMARY of basic needs" reasons for Shmoneh Esray then we do NOT have to say FORGIVENESS since we don't need it at that time. But if we use the "CORRESPONDENCE to sacrifices" approach for Shmoneh Esray then we DO have to say FORGIVENESS since the WHOLE animal was offered and the organ corresponding to forgiveness was also offered. I thought this little lamdasheh approach would complement nicely some of the other answers to this perplexing problem. Russell Jay Hendel, Ph.d, ASA, rhendel @ mcs drexel edu