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From: Russell Hendel <rhendel@saber.towson.edu> Date: Tue, 4 Apr 2000 23:55:02 -0400 (EDT) Subject: Rav Hirsch's Theory of Torah-Science-Art Ken Miller in v31n94 cites Steve Bailey v31n79 who cites Rav Hirsch <<< Hirsch notes in his Nineteen Letters that the same G-d who created the universe also created the Torah. He is equally the Creator of both the material universe and the ethical universe. So that the study of science, music, art and literature -- reflecting human knowledge of the world -- is studying that which is no less part of G-d's creation as the Torah. >>> There is then discussion by Ken on WHAT the study of (a) TOrah, (b) Natural Law & (c) Man made art have in common as "studying Gods ways". Actually I think it clear that studying Torah has a status of religious study which eg requires a blessing. Studying Science or Art has NO such status. (Ken then makes further distinctions between ART which is man made and SCIENCE-the study of Nature, which was made by God.) My understanding of Rav Hirsch's statement is that the METHODOLOGY by which we study Science and (Man Made) Art is also the SAME METHODOLOGY by which we SHOULD study the Torah. In particular one of Rav Hirsch's great contributions to Torah learning is his magnificent study of symbolism--Rav Hirsch used the scientific method (hypothesis testing plus reproducable phenomena) to show that symbolic analysis of Torah commandments can be done and yield the same reproducable results by different people. Rav Hirsch tried to place symbolism on a scientific basis which would make it more objective. Rav Hirsch's beautiful theory of symbolism is outlined in his "Groundlines of Jewish Symbolism" which can be found in Volume 3 of his collected works translated by Feldheim. It is also found in Breuers Timeless Torah Finally a short condensed summary will appear in my article "Gen 1 speaks about the creation of prophecy not the creation of the world" which was presented at the 3rd international conference on science and religion and will appear in BOR HATORAH(A 4 page email version is available on request) Russell Jay Hendel;Phd ASA; RHendel@Towson.Edu Moderator Rashi is Simple http://www.shamash.org/rashi/